FungalNail Infection: What It Is, Causes, And Treatment Options


The nail fungal infection is one of the most prevalent nail diseases, accounting for around 50% of nail disorders. The fungus can be found throughout the body; however, it could become an issue when it grows too much.

They can also be referred to as tinea unguium and onychomycosis. Toenails and fingernails are both susceptible to infection. It typically manifests as discoloration, growth of the nail, and the edges of the nail are prone to breaking. This condition is most often seen in the toenails.

Approximately 10% of the adult population is affected by nail fungus infections. This article will detail nail fungal diseases and the common causes, treatments, and signs.

The Causes of Nail Fungus

Fungal nail infectionsare typically caused by dermatophytes fungi that affect the skin underneath the nail. Yeast is another major cause. Toenails are most susceptible to infection if your feet touch humid surfaces like showers, swimming pools, and locker rooms. If you suffer from an athlete’s foot, the infection could extend to your nails.

Closed-toe shoes, such as athletic shoes for prolonged periods, can also contribute to the infection if your shoes or socks are damp due to sweat or the heat. Additionally, if your footwear is snug enough to place the pressure on your toes, they could damage the nail bed, making the nail more vulnerable to infections.

Patients with chronic illnesses such as circulatory or diabetes are more likely to have infections of the toenails.


Nail Fungus Treatments

Toenail fungus issues typically require ongoing treatment for success. Early-stage toenail fungus can respond to home remedies that are listed below. Specialists at recommend applying the treatment on the nail affected every day; you might need to treat for at least six months to eliminate the infection.

  • Eucalyptus or tea tree oils: Both oils are antifungal. The research has shown they work and many prescription and over-the-counter topical antifungal products.
  • Ozonized sunflower oil: A Brazilian study revealed that sunflower oil was effective in helping combat toenail fungus that is caused by yeast.
  • Baking soda: Scientists discovered that baking soda stopped increased fungal growth on 79 percent of samples tested. Put a baking soda-water paste onto the nail affected and allow it to sit for a minimum of 10 minutes before washing.
  • Vicks VapoRub. A small study showed that this mentholated cream affected positive nail fungus.
  • Hydrogen peroxide and vinegar are well-known home remedies for toenail fungus. However, they aren’t proven as effective during clinical research.

The over-the-counter remedies for toenail fungusconsist of creams, ointment sprays, and liquids. Consult your pharmacist for advice or locate these ingredients and follow the instructions carefully:

  • Tolnaftate
  • Clotrimazole
  • Terbinafine (brand name: Lamisil)

Preventing Fungal Nail Infections

You can decrease the chance of getting an infection of the nail caused by fungal bacteria:

Keeping your feet and hands clean and dry

  • Wearing well-fitting shoes made from natural materials and clean cotton socks. These will let your feet “breathe.”
  • Cut your nails to keep them short; do not share scissors or clippers with anyone else.
  • Avoid sharing socks and towels with others; be sure that your towels are regularly cleaned
  • Avoid walking around barefoot at public showers, pools, and locker rooms. shower shoes are provided to ensure your feet are protected
  • by changing old footwear that fungi could contaminate
  • The treatment of athlete’s foot should be done as quickly as you can to stop the infection spread to your nails

Nail salon equipment could cause Fungal infections of the nails. If you frequent the salon, ensure that the equipment is cleaned between use.


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